To alleviate this potential bias problem, BERNARD suggests pretesting informants or selecting participants who are culturally competent in the topic being studied.
This is because what is required is both an outside and an inside view. Further, they usually find it interesting to make guesses about the participants in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, and relationship to other participants in the setting, based on what they heard. By staying involved with the culture over a period of years, data about social changes that occur over time are more readily perceived and understood.
One interview conducted at a time, and each interview can be quite long.
But they always become reluctant to disclose these things to a known person. Capture participants' views of their own experiences in their own words.
Experiencing an environment as an insider is what necessitates the participant part of participant observation. One cannot penetrate into the heart of a matter without proper participation in it. More information is usually provided.
Students are cautioned not to talk to anyone or drink too much, so their recollections will be unaltered. But that is not enough and only a part of the phenomena as a vast range of information required for the research.
One interview conducted at a time, and each interview can be quite long. At the same time, however, there is clearly an observer side to this process.
For example, DeWALT and DeWALT note that male and female researchers have access to different information, as they have access to different people, settings, and bodies of knowledge. He can know many things about the group when he participates in the group and interacts with the group members.
Making the choice to employ field methods involves a commitment to get close to the subject being observed in its natural setting, to be factual and descriptive in reporting what is observed, and to find out the points of view of participants in the domain observed. It is a qualitative method with roots in traditional ethnographic research, whose objective is to help researchers learn the perspectives held by study populations.
Compared with controlled observations it is like the difference between studying wild animals in a zoo and studying them in their natural habitat.
So his experience becomes very deep, but the range of his experience becomes very limited. Gather a variety of information from different perspectives.
· The strengths and limitations of covert participant observation Posted on July 8, by Karl Thompson Covert participant observation or ethnography is where the researcher does not reveal that he is actually a tsfutbol.com://tsfutbol.com · Qualitative research is a type of social science research that collects and works with non-numerical data and that seeks to interpret meaning from these data that help us understand social life through the study of targeted populations or tsfutbol.com://tsfutbol.com · the participant observation?
Question 3 With reference to Source A explain one strength and one weakness of using official statistics to study inequalities between ethnic groups.  Low band – Sample answer Official statistics come from the Government.
They are numerical and quantitative data that sociologists use as atsfutbol.com Participant observation has a different set of strengths and limitations. Its strength is in the richness of the description. Its weakness is its dependence upon the experience of the participant observer.
Reliability is a major problem.
It is rare to have independent observations of the same events. · Qualitative research is often criticized as biased, small scale, anecdotal, and/or lacking rigor; however, when it is carried out properly it is unbiased, in depth, valid, reliable, credible and tsfutbol.com://tsfutbol.com · Observation (and especially participant observation) might lead to knowledge of informal procedures or rules, which people do not want to be uncovered.
Also the researcher can be experienced or perceived as a barrier for the normal daily routine in the setting tsfutbol.comParticipant observation strength and weakness