We can strive towards enlightenment through seeking truth by depicting in artistic representation what is good and is, therefore, a reflection of beauty and moral truth. But the phenomenon of moral indignation is treated as evidence for a psychic force that is reducible neither to reason nor to any of the appetites; it is rather an ally of reason in a well-ordered soul, a force opposed to unruly appetites e—c.
Moreover the basic factual premise is believable. The cause behind inspiration is unimpeachable, for it begins in the divine realm. That is to say that there are certain universal characteristics which a work of art must have in order to be beautiful.
Aristotle, having studied some biological and physical phenomenon during his work as a teacher, came to understand that our world was made up of many natural Forms, even though not all of the Forms were ideal, pure or perfect. After the definition and assignment of the four virtues to the three classes of the city, the investigation turns to the role and function of the virtues in the soul.
Beauty by comparison begins in the domain of intelligible objects, since there is a Form of beauty. Such an analysis would be marking the act of running as failed or deviant walking. Not only that, the same is suggested by the list through which Socrates first introduces the Forms, 65d—e: Ancient texts and modern problems, Princeton: Metaphysicians before Aristotle discussed the soul abstractly without any regard to the bodily environment; this, Aristotle believes, was a mistake.
But in Book X he sees poetry, and indeed the imitative arts in general, as generally corrupting: God is Unchanging God, as a perfect and divine being, encompassing beauty and moral truth, could only change for the worse.
Since it is the measuring or counting of motion, it also depends for its existence on a counting mind. But the significantly misleading nature of the argument goes beyond a moment of overstatement.
It is an evaluative concept as much as justice and courage are, and it suffers from disputes over its meaning as much as they do. With art one can easily find discussion delving into ontology, epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, sociology, psychology, and even politics without even scratching the tip of the iceberg.
Coming back to the Republic one finds shadows and reflections occupying the bottom-most domain of the Divided Line a. Therefore, God cannot be responsible for everything as is commonly said, but only for a small part of human life.
Jan 09, · Essay: Art as Imitation in Plato and Aristotle Posted on January 9, by literaryfruit Ancient Greek thought held that poetry, drama, and other forms of fine art were imitations of reality, a reality that could be actual or potential.
Aristotle, Art, and Greek Tragedy: Throughout the ages philosophers have wrestled with the notion of art at every possible level. From Plato to Marx, Aristotle to Hume, Kant to Danto, history’s great minds have theorized about the nature of art, testing the depths of human understanding.
1. Preliminaries. If ethics is widely regarded as the most accessible branch of philosophy, it is so because many of its presuppositions are self-evident or trivial truths: All human actions, for example, serve some end or purpose; whether they are right or wrong depends on an actor’s overall aims.
Plato and Aristotle on Art as Imitation (Mimesis) Plato, Republic. Art is imitation, and that’s bad. Problems with imitation: · Epistemological: An imitation is at three removes from the reality or truth of something (example of bed).
· Theological: Poets and other artists represent the gods in inappropriate ways. Art is defined by Aristotle as the realization in external form of a true idea, and is traced back to that natural love of imitation which characterizes humans, and to the pleasure which we feel in recognizing likenesses.
Influence of Aristotle vs. Plato. Plato influenced Aristotle, just as Socrates influenced Plato. But each man's influence moved in different areas after their deaths. Plato became the primary Greek philosopher based on his ties to Socrates and Aristotle and the presence of his works, which were used until his academy closed in A.D.; his works were then copied throughout Europe.Platos and aristotles view on art and what it represents